Download America's Darwin: Darwinian Theory and U.S. Culture by Tina Gianquitto PDF

By Tina Gianquitto

ISBN-10: 0820344486

ISBN-13: 9780820344485

While a lot has been written in regards to the impression of Darwin’s theories on U.S. tradition, and numerous scholarly collections were dedicated to the technological know-how of evolution, few have addressed the explicit info of Darwin’s theories as a cultural strength affecting U.S. writers. America’s Darwin fills this hole and contours a variety of serious methods that research U.S. textual responses to Darwin’s works.

The students during this assortment signify a number disciplines—literature, heritage of technological know-how, women’s reports, geology, biology, entomology, and anthropology. All pay shut consciousness to the explicit types that Darwinian evolution took within the usa, enticing not just with Darwin’s most renowned works, similar to On the foundation of Species, but additionally with much less standard works, reminiscent of The Expression of the feelings in guy and Animals.

Each contributor considers particular social, cultural, and highbrow stipulations that affected the reception and dissemination of evolutionary inspiration, from earlier than the book of On the starting place of Species to the early years of the twenty-first century. those essays interact with the explicit information and language of a big variety of Darwin’s texts, treating his writings as basic resources necessary to comprehending the effect of Darwinian language on American writers and thinkers. This cautious engagement with the texts of evolution permits us to determine the extensive issues of its recognition and adoption within the American scene; this method additionally highlights the ways that writers, reformers, and others reconfigured Darwinian language to fit their person purposes.

America’s Darwin demonstrates the numerous ways that writers and others healthy themselves to a story of evolution whose dominant motifs are contingency and uncertainty. jointly, the authors make the compelling case that the translation of evolutionary conception within the U.S. has continually shifted in terms of winning cultural anxieties.

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Example text

Richardson, William James: In the Maelstrom of American Modernism (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2006), 48–49. 4. [William James], Review of “The Origin of Human Races and the Antiquity of Man Deduced from the Theory of ‘Natural Selection,’” by Alfred R. Wallace, North American Review ( July 1865): 263. Among James’s earliest publications are two reviews of Darwin and reviews of texts by Thomas Huxley (Darwin’s most outspoken advocate in Great Britain), Alfred Russel Wallace (who had co-discovered the principle of natural selection by arriving at the idea separately from Darwin), and Armand de Quatrefages (whose anthropological work James examines within the context of controversies surrounding the application Theorizing Uncertainty 37 of Darwin’s theories to the study of humans).

But when their suffering is somewhat mitigated, yet prolonged, they no longer wish for action, but remain motionless and passive, or may occasionally rock themselves to and fro. The circulation becomes languid; the face pale; the muscles flaccid; the eyelids droop; the head hangs on the contracted chest; the lips, cheeks, and lower jaw all sink downwards from their own weight” (Expression, 176–77). Although Expression is filled with photographs and illustrations depicting the physical qualities of emotional expression, Darwin also relies on these detailed prose descriptions, which are essential evidence for his argument.

4. [William James], Review of “The Origin of Human Races and the Antiquity of Man Deduced from the Theory of ‘Natural Selection,’” by Alfred R. Wallace, North American Review ( July 1865): 263. Among James’s earliest publications are two reviews of Darwin and reviews of texts by Thomas Huxley (Darwin’s most outspoken advocate in Great Britain), Alfred Russel Wallace (who had co-discovered the principle of natural selection by arriving at the idea separately from Darwin), and Armand de Quatrefages (whose anthropological work James examines within the context of controversies surrounding the application Theorizing Uncertainty 37 of Darwin’s theories to the study of humans).

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