By Clifford Alan Hooker
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Additional resources for A realistic theory of science
Pragmatic Reason. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Emotion Objective . . . . . . . . . . . . . Subjective Pure Science . . . . . . . . . . . . Applied Science Scientific Method . . . . . . . . . . Public Policy Page 5 In this way the deeper underlying structure of what I was taught was empiricist while the immediate content often denounced empiricism. Worse, the deeper structure was often not announced, being rather 'shown' in the form of the content (which concepts were used and not, which arguments were even formulated, let alone criticized and so on).
In this new context formal methods of assessment constructed for the earlier problem may again play specialized roles as the occasion demands. Here too, one can obtain a more unified approach to the various so-called paradoxes of support (paradoxes of confirmation, inductive inconsistencies, lottery paradox, Goodman's new riddle of induction) by seeing them as all placing constraints upon the consistent formulation of a theory of rational action, especially the subtheory of rational acceptance.
No theory can be known or be guaranteed to be trueneither by observation nor by other means; the history of science teaches us the overwhelming likelihood that today's Page 23 theory will not be tomorrow's. Theories are only intended true descriptions. Moreover they are intended truths for which we must admit that there are infinitely many incompatible alternatives, we must even admit that there are infinitely many experimentally indistinguishable incompatible alternatives. And the Scientific Realist must admit that the reality which he claims science intends to accurately describe is known only through these attempts at theoretical description; there is no independent access.