By Jeremy Black (auth.)
Read Online or Download A History of the British Isles PDF
Best great britain books
In Cromwell, award-winning biographer Antonia Fraser tells of 1 of England's such a lot celebrated and arguable figures, frequently misunderstood and demonized as a puritanical zealot. Oliver Cromwell rose from humble beginnings to spearhead the uprising opposed to King Charles I, who was once beheaded in 1649, and led his infantrymen into the final conflict opposed to the Royalists and King Charles II at Worcester, finishing the civil conflict in 1651.
This groundbreaking number of essays demanding situations the proposal that early postwar Britain used to be characterized through a consensus among the key political events coming up out of the studies of the wartime coalition govt. the quantity collects for the 1st time the perspectives of the revisionist historians who argue that primary ameliorations among and in the events endured to characterise British politics after 1945.
- John Malcolm Ludlow: The Builder of Christian Socialism
- The Rough Guide to Scotland 8 (Rough Guide Travel Guides)
- British Travellers and the Encounter with Britain, 1450-1700
- The British Army in North America 1775-1783
- Insight Guides: Explore Vietnam
- Kingdoms of the Celts: A History and a Guide
Additional resources for A History of the British Isles
They ruled between the Humber and the Forth in eastern Britain and the Mersey and the Ayr on the west, and were at times treated as overlords by the rulers of Mercia, Wessex, Strathclyde and the Pict and Scottish territories. Northumbrian power was contested by Penda of Mercia (632-54). Defeat at the hands of Mercia (678) and the Picts (685) brought Northumbrian hegemony to an end. It was replaced by that of Mercia, especially under Offa (757-96). He controlled such formerly independent kingdoms as Essex, Lindsey, East Anglia, Kent and Sussex.
THE GROWTH OF WESSEX Having stopped the Danes, Alfred went onto the offensive, capturing London in 886, and sought to strengthen Wessex. He built a fleet, created a more effective system of military recruitment and constructed a system of burhs (fortified towns). These policies helped Alfred to defeat further Danish attacks in 892-6. At the same time resistance to the Norwegians increased in Ireland. They were increasingly confined to their bases and were driven from Dublin in 902 although they regained control there in 914.
Town life continued in the Roman settlement in Caerleon and, possibly, Carmarthen, and Roman estate units may have continued to function in south-east Wales. Rome continued to cast a shadow over Wales, both politically and culturally, but the Roman system collapsed. Wales ceased to be part of a major empire and instead became an assortment of political units focusing on the largely tribal leadership of locally powerful warlords. Trade links by sea remained important in postRoman Wales, and the same routes served both for the expansion of Christianity there, and for settlement from Ireland.