By Christine Yi Lai Luk
This e-book offers a concise heritage of biophysics in modern China, from approximately 1949 to 1976. It outlines how a technology area of expertise developed from an ambiguous and amorphous box right into a fully-fledged educational self-discipline within the socio-institutional contexts of up to date China. The publication relates how, whereas at the beginning including cellphone biologists, the chinese language biophysics neighborhood redirected their disciplinary priorities towards rocket technology within the overdue Nineteen Fifties to house the nationwide pursuits of the time. Biophysicists who had labored on organic sounding rockets have been attracted to the army region and endured to give a contribution to human spaceflight in post-Mao China. in addition to the rocket-and-space missions which supplied the cloth context for biophysics to extend within the past due Fifties and early Sixties, chinese language biophysicists additionally created examine and academic courses surrounding biophysics by means of exploiting the institutional possibilities afforded by way of the coverage emphasis on science's function to force modernization. The booklet explores and demonstrates the collective achievements and struggles of chinese language biophysicists in construction their clinical discipline.
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Additional resources for A History of Biophysics in Contemporary China
The sample breed under his investigation was of hermaphrodite nature, setting c. nankinensis apart from other sexually dimorphic arthropods. Microscopic observations showed that characteristics of both sexes co-existed in a typical c. nankinensis strain. Although c. nankinensis combined 4 The English scientiﬁc name was coined to capture the fact that this insect is a Nanjing (aka Nanking)-originated species (nankinensis) in the family of chirocephalus. The Chinese name was given by a folklore belief that the appearance of this shrimp in wintertime, along with heavy snowstorms, is a harbinger of a productive year as summarized in the Chinese proverb “heavy snow forecasts a good harvest year” (瑞雪兆丰年).
He was concerned that a complete severing from the genetic past would make regeneration difﬁcult to occur. Reforming cells were more plausible and believable than remaking cells. Semantics was at the center of Bei–Lepeshinskaya scholastic exchange. Bei’s concern with the choice of word was wise, as the issue would become the center of disagreement in contemporary debate surrounding his objectionable cell theory. On 8 November 2005, a Chinese blogger sent an excerpt of Bei’s cell reformation theory to Fang Zhouzi (方舟子), who is known for writing science popularization literature and exposing academic misconduct in China (Nature 2012).
Rao was trained at Harvard and UCSF. He had worked at the School of Medicine at Washington University in St. Louis before serving as the head of a scientiﬁc institute at Northwestern University. In 2010, his high-proﬁle decision to give up not just his tenured professorship but also his American citizenship to return to China put him in the media spotlight 28 2 The Father of Biophysics in China (FlorCruz 2010; LaFraniere 2010). He is now the dean and chair professor of the School of Life Sciences at Peking University.