Download A Companion to Nineteenth-Century Britain by Chris Williams PDF

By Chris Williams

ISBN-10: 063122579X

ISBN-13: 9780631225799

A better half to Nineteenth-Century Britain offers 33 essays by means of specialist students on all of the significant facets of the political, social, financial and cultural historical past of england throughout the past due Georgian and Victorian eras.

  • Truly British, instead of English, in scope.
  • Pays realization to the studies of ladies in addition to of guys.
  • Illustrated with maps and charts.
  • Includes courses to additional reading.

Chapter 1 Britain and the area financial system (pages 17–33): Anthony Howe
Chapter 2 Britain and the eu stability of strength (pages 34–52): John R. Davis
Chapter three Britain and Empire (pages 53–78): Douglas M. Peers
Chapter four The military (pages 79–92): Edward M. Spiers
Chapter five The Monarchy and the home of Lords: The ‘Dignified’ components of the structure (pages 95–109): William M. Kuhn
Chapter 6 The nation (pages 110–124): Philip Harling
Chapter 7 Political management and Political events, 1800–46 (pages 125–139): Michael J. Turner
Chapter eight Political management and Political events, 1846–1900 (pages 140–155): Michael J. Turner
Chapter nine Parliamentary Reform and the citizens (pages 156–173): Michael S. Smith
Chapter 10 Politics and Gender (pages 174–188): Sarah Richardson
Chapter eleven Political notion (pages 189–202): Gregory Claeys
Chapter 12 Agriculture and Rural Society (pages 205–222): Michael Winstanley
Chapter thirteen and shipping (pages 223–237): William J. Ashworth
Chapter 14 Urbanization (pages 238–252): Simon Gunn
Chapter 15 The family members (pages 253–272): Shani D'Cruze
Chapter sixteen Migration and cost (pages 273–286): Ian Whyte
Chapter 17 lifestyle, caliber of lifestyles (pages 287–304): Jane Humphries
Chapter 18 category and the periods (pages 305–320): Martin Hewitt
Chapter 19 fiscal proposal (pages 321–333): Noel Thompson
Chapter 20 faith (pages 337–352): Mark A. Smith
Chapter 21 Literacy, studying and schooling (pages 353–368): Philip Gardner
Chapter 22 the clicking and the published observe (pages 369–380): Aled Jones
Chapter 23 Crime, Policing and Punishment (pages 381–395): Heather Shore
Chapter 24 well known relaxation and activity (pages 396–411): Andy Croll
Chapter 25 wellbeing and fitness and drugs (pages 412–429): Keir Waddington
Chapter 26 Sexuality (pages 430–442): Lesley A. Hall
Chapter 27 the humanities (pages 443–456): Patricia Pulham
Chapter 28 The Sciences (pages 457–470): Iwan Rhys Morus
Chapter 29 Politics in eire (pages 473–488): Christine Kinealy
Chapter 30 economic system and Society in eire (pages 489–503): Christine Kinealy
Chapter 31 Scotland (pages 504–520): E. W. McFarland
Chapter 32 Wales (pages 521–533): Matthew Cragoe
Chapter 33 British Identities (pages 534–552): Chris Williams

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Extra info for A Companion to Nineteenth-Century Britain

Example text

After the rapid growth of the period 1780–1802, the rate of growth of exports slowed during the wars and did not recover much before 1826. Thereafter the growth in volume of exports was rapid, although as the price of goods fell, this was not matched by an increase in the total value of exports. This was the classic period when British trade depended on the cotton industry which contributed 46 per cent of the total growth in export values between 1814/16 and 1844/6. Geographically, European trade grew only slowly while the American market remained crucial but highly volatile.

The ‘empire’ was to be a matter of sentiment and security; but the economy was proclaimed ‘international’, not imperial. Thirdly, and dramatically, Britain in 1849 abandoned her centuries-old dependence on the Navigation Acts, an exception to free trade which even Smith himself had been prepared to concede on the famous grounds that ‘defence is more important than opulence’. Victorian Britain was not quite to reply that opulence was more important than defence but the Navigation Acts were now considered dispensable as a prop of the navy as well as of the economy.

As a result, in this period Britain looked particularly to ‘new’ markets in Asia, Africa and Latin America. 4 per cent of the increase in total exports 1814/18 to 1842/6. 9 to 21 per cent, just as that of northern Europe and the USA fell from 44 per cent in 1814/18 to 27 per cent in 1842/6. 4 These trends provide essential clues as to the next great change in the political economy of trade, the shift to free trade in the 1840s. Part of this shift was an awareness of the stickiness of exports to Europe, the lack of return goods in payment for British exports, and even apprehension that Europe would industrialize behind tariff barriers.

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