By Stephen Kershaw
During this vigorous and intensely readable historical past of the Roman Empire from its institution in 27 BC to the barbarian incursions and the autumn of Rome in advert 476, Kershaw attracts on a number of proof, from Juvenal's Satires to fresh archaeological reveals. He examines impressive personalities reminiscent of Caligula and Nero and seismic occasions similar to the conquest of england and the institution of a 'New Rome' at Constantinople and the break up into jap and western empires. alongside the way in which we come across gladiators and charioteers, senators and slaves, attention-grabbing girls, strange sexual practices and gruesome acts of brutality, frequently visible via eyes of a few of the world's maximum writers. He concludes with a quick examine how Rome lives on within the modern global, in politics, structure, artwork and literature.
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Additional resources for A Brief History of the Roman Empire: Rise and Fall
42 and 53 as part of the collected Hendecasyllabi and c. 62 as an autonomous Epithalamium. A collection of Epigrammata seems possible, though far from certain, and the same could be said of a collection of Carmina containing c. 92. Fortunately, the fragments of Catullus’ friends Calvus and Cinna (collected in Courtney 1993: 201–24) provide valuable comparanda for interpreting this meager evidence; they are cited by title more frequently, and with little ambiguity; and, like Catullus, they too wrote short poems in hendecasyllabics and other meters, longer poems like epyllia or epithalamia, mostly in hexameters, and epigrams.
Part II, ‘‘Contexts of Production,’’ then introduces us to the numerous ways in which Catullus’ poetry can be regarded as reflective of its times. T. P. Wiseman, who pioneered investigation of the poet’s family and its later fortunes (Wiseman 1987), provides a history of the Valerii Catulli and their presence in Northern Italy. David Konstan examines the contemporary political scene in Rome, offers an explanation for Catullus’ direct attacks on Caesar and Mamurra, and, most interestingly, finds political reverberations in other ostensibly non-political poems.
19) to the effect that Catullus wrote ‘‘an erotic imitation of spells’’ such as is found in Theocritus and Vergil. This has been dismissed (cf. Gaisser 1993: 278 n. 3–4 but explicitly ‘‘softening’’ the meter in line with contemporary practice, he surely deserves to be taken seriously as a witness to the existence of a Pharmaceutria, presumably in hexameters like Pliny’s other examples, Theocritus Id. 2 and Vergil Ecl. 8. Fr. 5 is the statement by Servius (on Vergil G. 95) to the effect that Catullus ‘‘criticized’’ the Rhaetian grape as useless for any purpose and wondered why Cato had praised it; he even claims that Vergil wrote G.