Download 100 years of superconductivity by Horst Rogalla, Peter H. Kes PDF

By Horst Rogalla, Peter H. Kes

ISBN-10: 1439849463

ISBN-13: 9781439849460

Even 100 years after its discovery, superconductivity keeps to carry us new surprises, from superconducting magnets utilized in MRI to quantum detectors in electronics. 100 Years of Superconductivity offers a finished choice of themes on approximately all of the subdisciplines of superconductivity. Tracing the historic advancements in superconductivity, the publication comprises contributions from many pioneers who're chargeable for vital steps ahead within the field.

The textual content first discusses attention-grabbing tales of the invention and slow growth of idea and experimentation. Emphasizing key advancements within the early Nineteen Fifties and Sixties, the publication seems to be at how superconductivity began to permeate society and the way so much of today’s purposes are according to the ideas of these years. It additionally explores the real revolution that happened with the invention of extreme temperature superconductors, resulting in rising functions in strength garage and fusion reactors.

Superconductivity has turn into an enormous box and this full-color ebook exhibits how some distance it has are available the prior a hundred years. besides reviewing major examine and experiments, major scientists percentage their perception and stories operating during this intriguing and evolving area.

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Example text

For that experiment the entry reads 19 May 1910. The year was specified this time, but the wrong one! It should have been 1911. Why did Kamerlingh Onnes make that mistake? It is probably because an extensive series of similar experiments with Perrier had been carried out at the end of 1909 and during the first few months of 1910. In any case, that little slip of the pencil has led many astray. It is the most likely 5 6 H. Kamerlingh Onnes, Proc. 13 (1911) 1274, Comm. 120b (Apr. 1911) H. Kamerlingh Onnes, Proc.

But there turned out to be experimental difficulties that could not satisfactorily be resolved. Eventually, Holst and Kamerlingh Onnes published a paper together on the specific heat and thermal conduction of Hg, but the accuracy of the measurements at helium temperatures was not sufficient to reveal any features at the transition temperature16 . A month later they also tried to determine the thermo power of a mercury-platinum contact at temperatures around the transition. But again, experimental problems were in the way of 16 H.

Kamerlingh Onnes next concentrated on the question of how small the “microresidual” resistance actually was in the superconducting state. He designed an experiment to measure the decay time of a magnetically induced current in a closed superconducting loop. He used the small lead coil which was made for the experiments about the magnetic field effect. To close the coil in itself the two ends were soldered together. And after lowering the temperature in presence of an external magnetic field a current could be induced in the superconducting closed loop by removing the magnet.

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